Articular Cartilage and Knee Joint Function Basic Science and Arthroscopy (Bristol-Myers/Zimmer Orthopedic Symposium Series) by J. Whit Ewing

Cover of: Articular Cartilage and Knee Joint Function | J. Whit Ewing

Published by Raven Pr .

Written in English

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  • Surgery,
  • Knee,
  • Orthopedic Surgery,
  • Health/Fitness,
  • Physiopathology,
  • Arthroscopy,
  • Articular cartilage,
  • Congresses,
  • Pathophysiology

Book details

The Physical Object
Number of Pages12
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL8174686M
ISBN 100881675423
ISBN 109780881675429

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Articular cartilage damage is a very common sports injury and is often a result of wear and tear among active people. As a common orthopedic condition, Dr. Leon E. Popovitz, MD, who is considered one of the best arthroscopic orthopedic surgeons in the New York City and New Jersey area as well as internationally, along with his team of top-rated orthopedic surgeons, treat articular cartilage.

Knee osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people around the world. Untreated, it is usually a progressive degenerative disease in which the joint cartilage gradually wears away. Articular cartilage damage is graded according to its severity.

Grade 0: Normal healthy cartilage. Articular Capsule of the Knee Joint. The knee is an amazing joint. The knee can bend, flex, and rotate which allows a person to stand up, walk their dog, play sports with friends, and sit down. Joint - Joint - Articular nerves: The sources of nerve fibres to a joint conform well to Hilton’s law—the nerves to the muscles acting on a joint give branches to that joint as well as to the skin over the area of action of these muscles.

Thus, the knee joint is supplied by branches from the femoral, sciatic, and obturator nerves, which among them supply the various muscles moving the joint. Over time, the articular cartilage in the knee can wear away exposing the rougher bone below, which results in pain and loss of function (also known as osteoarthritis (OA)).

In advanced cases of OA, the articulating surfaces of three bones in the knee are removed and replaced during total knee arthroplasty. This can progress to early articular cartilage separation, partial detachment of an articular lesion, and eventually osteochondral separation with loose bodies.

In the knee potential locations are the lateral aspect of the medial femoral condyle (75%), the weight-bearing surface of the medial (10%) and lateral femoral condyles (10%), and the.

Articular cartilage defects are not life threatening, but they can, and frequently do, threaten a person’s quality of life, especially in an active population. 10,28 Internationally, thousands of people each year experience symptoms related to chondral defects, with the knee being the most prevalent joint affected.

25 Articular cartilage. Articular cartilage (AC) is vital for the proper functioning of the knee. This smooth white connective tissue covers the joint surfaces and allows pain free movement for decades.

Articular Cartilage and Knee Joint Function: Basic Science and Arthroscopy (Bristol-Myers/Zimmer Orthopedic Symposium Series): Medicine & Health Science Books @ Surgery to repair damage to the articular cartilage.

This surgery can be performed in Manchester by Prof. Jari - a knee surgeon specialising in advanced, minimal incision surgeries and enhanced recovery techniques to get you back on your feet as soon as possible, speak to our friendly staff to book a consultation today. Articular cartilage lesions of the knee joint are common in patients of varying ages.

Some articular cartilage lesions are focal lesions located on one aspect of the tibiofemoral or patellofemoral joint. Other lesions can be extremely large or involve multiple compartments of the knee joint and these are often referred to as osteoarthritis. Most candidates for articular cartilage restoration Articular Cartilage and Knee Joint Function book young adults with a single injury, or lesion.

Older patients, or those with many lesions in one joint, are less likely to benefit from the Articular Cartilage and Knee Joint Function book. The knee is the most common area for cartilage restoration. Ankle and shoulder problems may also be treated.

In joint: Articular cartilage. Articular cartilage (cartilage that covers the articulating part of a bone) is of the type called hyaline (glasslike) because thin sections of it are translucent, even transparent. Unlike bone, it is easily cut by a sharp knife.

It is deformable but elastic, and Read More. Knee cartilage provides for smooth, pain free motion and function.

There are two types of cartilage in the knee. Articular cartilage covers the ends of the bones and is the smooth surface of the joint. Meniscus cartilage is the C-shaped spongy pads between the shin bone (tibia) and thigh bone (femur).

-covers articular surfaces of bones of synovial joints-structurally lacks blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves metabolically active cells that develop articular cartilage and maintain ECM Joint Structure and Function.

43 terms. alexrowley. Human Anatomy, Martini, CH 8: Articulations. 52 terms. Anatomy & Function. Cartilage is a glistening white smooth tissue covering the ends of bones where it articulates with other bone and form a joint.

It is toughened yet flexible enough to cushion the gliding of the bones forming the joint. Knee is a large weight bearing joint with forces upto 8 times body weight passing through it with every step.

Articular cartilage and knee joint function: basic science and arthroscopy. Articular cartilage and knee joint function. New York: Raven Press, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: # Cartilage, Articular. Articular cartilage lies at the end of bones at the joint.

It is very smooth (its coefficient of friction is less than one-third of ice on ice) highly compressible and resilient. Articular cartilage derives its powers from its very organized and efficiently constructed microanatomy. A Patient's Guide to Articular Cartilage Problems of the Knee Introduction.

Articular cartilage problems in the knee joint are common. Injured areas, called lesions, often show up as tears or pot holes in the surface of the cartilage.

If a tear goes all the way through the cartilage, surgeons call it a full-thickness this happens, surgery is usually recommended. Articular Cartilage Repair and Restoration The glistening white tissue that covers the ends of the bones (the joint surface) is both tough and resilient.

It is not only important for smooth gliding of the joint, but also to “soften” the impact during loading, like a shock absorber. This joint has very little movement and is not considered a part of the main joint of the knee. Articular Cartilage and Menisci.

Movement of the bones causes friction between the articulating surfaces. To reduce this friction, all articulating surfaces involved in movement are covered with a white, shiny, slippery layer called articular cartilage. Articular cartilage lesions do not always cause symptoms. In fact, surgeons many times happen upon lesions in the knee joint cartilage while doing knee surgery for a completely different problem.

Just because there isn’t any pain does not mean the lesion is not causing problems. In general, partially torn lesions do not heal by themselves. A contemporary guide on articular cartilage injury of the knee. Articular Cartilage Injury of the Knee is a comprehensive reference that combines the basic scientific knowledge of articular cartilage as it relates to patient health and disease with patient-focused diagnosis and treatment options.

This book emphasizes the importance of bridging the divide between basic science and clinical 5/5(1). chanics of articular cartilage, as well as the biological course of healing following surgery. The goal is to restore full function in each patient as quickly as possible without overloading the healing articular cartilage.

In this paper we will discuss the principles of rehabilitation follow-ing articular cartilage repair proce-dures, as well.

cartilage [kahr´tĭ-lij] a specialized, fibrous connective tissue present in adults, and forming most of the temporary skeleton in the embryo, providing a model in which most of the bones develop, and constituting an important part of the organism's growth mechanism; the three most important types are hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and.

This book reviews current knowledge on the diagnosis and treatment (surgical and non-surgical) of cartilage defects at the knee joint. In the discussion of diagnosis, the focus is primarily on imaging findings, particularly those obtained with MRI.

The knee joint is a synovial joint that connects three bones; the femur, tibia and is a complex hinge joint composed of two articulations; the tibiofemoral joint and patellofemoral tibiofemoral joint is an articulation between the tibia and the femur, while the patellofemoral joint is an articulation between the patella and the al significance: Fractures, O'Donaghue's triad, bursitis, osteoarthritis.

cartilaginous structures called menisci (singular form is "meniscus") line the top of the tibia and lie between the tibia and the two knuckles at the bottom of the femur (called the femoral condyles).

Articular cartilage helps to reduce friction between the bones of the knee joint. There are three common knee cartilage regeneration techniques that use bleeding to spur cartilage healing: Knee microfracture, which requires the damaged cartilage to be cleared away completely.

The surgeon then uses a sharpened tool called an awl to pierce the bone. Articular cartilage and knee joint function: basic science and arthroscopy J. Whit Ewing, Arthroscopy Association of North America, Bristol-Myers/Zimmer (Firm) Raven Press, - Medical - pages.

distinguish articular cartilage repair from articular cartilage regeneration. Repair communities for controlling the pain and loss of joint function resulting from osteoarthritis. In more than 10 years, it has been used in approximately one diagnostic arthroscopies patients with intra-articular knee problems had.

The knee is the largest joint in the human body. Composed of three bones, four major ligaments, two major tendons, protective cartilage, muscles and connective tissue, the size and complexity of the knee joint enable the mechanics of some of the body’s most impressive physical motions: walking, running, jumping, kicking and more.

It may be found in the intra-articular lips, disks, menisci, and intervertebral discs, and it serves as a transitional tissue between dense connective tissue (tendon) and hyaline cartilage. 93 This chapter will focus on articular cartilage, which is a specialized form of hyaline cartilage. Articular cartilage covers the articulating ends of Cited by: The articular capsule has a synovial and a fibrous membrane separated by fatty deposits.

Anteriorly, the synovial membrane is attached on the margin of the cartilage both on the femur and the tibia, but on the femur, the suprapatellar bursa or recess extends the joint space proximally.: The suprapatellar bursa is prevented from being pinched during extension by the articularis genus : D   For instance, the cartilage found in your ear and nose isn’t the same as the cartilage in your knee joint.

Not only do they have different purposes, the cartilage in your ear is much more flexible and elastic, while joint cartilage, also called hyaline or articular cartilage, is much more rigid.

The aim of an articular cartilage repair treatment is to restore the surface of an articular joint's hyaline the last decades, surgeons and researchers have been working hard to elaborate surgical cartilage repair interventions. Though these solutions do not perfectly restore articular cartilage, some of the latest technologies start to bring very promising results in repairing Specialty: orthopedic.

Articular cartilage damage can range from softening of this cartilage to cracks or fissures within the cartilage to full-thickness defects with exposed bone.

Note the smooth appearance of healthy articular cartilage (red arrow). I look for damage to the articular cartilage. This fluid lubricates and nourishes the cartilage and bones inside the joint capsule. Within the knee joint, between the femur and tibia, there are two C shaped cartilaginous structures called menisci.

Menisci function to provide stability to the knee by spreading the weight of the upper body across the whole surface of the tibial plateau.

CONCLUSIONS—The thickness of articular cartilage seems to be related to the congruance of a joint; thin cartilage is found in congruent joints such as the ankle, whereas thick cartilage is found in incongruent joints such as the knee. The correlations in this study imply that the larger and heavier was a donor the thicker was the cartilage in Cited by: The knee joint is the point at which the femur bone of the thigh meets the tibia bone of the lower leg.

All the components of the knee - bones, cartilage, synovial membrane, ligaments, tendons and muscles - must work together properly for the knee to move smoothly. The technique used in this study spurs knee cartilage to grow back, which could cut pain and improve knee function, write Kevin Stone, MD, and .Articular Cartilage and Menisci of the Knee Joint.

Movement of the bones in a joint causes friction between the articulating surfaces. To reduce this friction, all articulating surfaces involved in movement are covered with a white, shiny, slippery layer called articular cartilage.Start studying A&P chapter 9 articular cartilage.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. cartliaginous joint covered by hyaline cartilage and connect by fibrocartilage. what is the function of articular cartliage.

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